Friday, October 1, 2010

Henri Matisse and German Expressionism


Henri Matisse, Madame Matisse







Henri Matisse, Harmony in Red







Henri Matisse, The Dance







Henri Matisse, The Red Studio







Henri Matisse, The Open Window







Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, Self Portrait with Model







Ernst Ludwig Kirchner, The Street







Erich Heckel, Crouching Figure, sculpture








Emil Nolde, Christ Among the Children







Gustav Klimt, Athena








Gustav Klimt, Justice (destroyed)








Egon Schiele, Self Portrait with Webbed Fingers








Oskar Kokoschka, Portrait of Adolph Loos








Oskar Kokoschka, The Bride of the Wind



HENRI MATISSE

expressionism
Fauve
"Luxe, Calme, et Volupte"

GERMAN EXPRESSIONISM

Die Brucke (The Bridge)
--EL Kirchner
--Emil Nolde

Viennese Expressionism
--Gustav Klimt
--Egon Schiele
--Oskar Kokoschka

Read Chapter 5 (for Matisse), and Chapter 6 (German Expressionism; read the section on Die Br├╝cke).


Expressionism and the Movies


After the First World War, film directors in Central and Eastern Europe looked to German Expressionist artists for inspiration, for a new way to visually tell stories, and to affect the emotions of movie-goers.


The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, 1919

The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari was the first Expressionist movie, and one of the first horror films. It is the story of a murderous sleepwalker kept by a sinister sideshow magician, Dr. Caligari. The wildly distorted sets, inspired by the work of artists like Kirchner and Karl Schmitt-Rotluff, play a role that becomes apparent toward the end of the movie. All is not what it seems to be, as it turns out. The whole story is the vision of a paranoid obsessive. The exaggerated set suggests the world seen through the eyes of a madman.