Saturday, September 25, 2010

Beginnings of Modern Architecture and Design

The 1893 Columbian Exhibition, Chicago

Daniel Burnham, The Reliance Building, Chicago

Louis Sullivan, The Wainwright Building, Saint Louis

Louis Sullivan, Carson Pirie Scott Building, Chicago

William Morris, The Green Dining Room, Arts and Craft Movement

Phillip Webb and William Morris, Red House, Bexleyheath, England, Arts and Craft Movement

Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Glasgow School of Art, Library

Henry Van de Velde, poster, Art Nouveau

Victor Horta, Tassel House, Brussels, Belgium, Art Nouveau

Antonio Gaudi, Casa Mila Apartments, Barcelona, Art Nouveau

Josef Hoffmann, Stoclet House, Brussels, Belgium, Vienna Secession

Otto Wagner, lobby of the Postal Savings Bank, Vienna

Adolph Loos, The Steiner House, Vienna

Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, Chicago

Frank Lloyd Wright, Robie House, dining room, old photograph, Chicago


--1893 Columbian Exhibition
--balloon frame
--steel frame
--Daniel Burnham
--Louis Sullivan
Arts and Craft Movement
--William Morris
--Charles Rennie Mackintosh
Art Nouveau
--Henry Van de Velde
--Antonio Gaudi
Vienna Design
--Vienna Secession
--Josef Hoffmann
--Otto Wagner
--Adolph Loos
Frank Lloyd Wright
--Prairie Style House

Read Chapters 4 and 8 in the textbook.

Loie Fuller Dances The Serpentine

Filmed by the inventor of motion pictures, Louis Lumiere in 1896. Loie Fuller was an American dancer who choreographed her programs with the Art Nouveau taste for whirling and whiplash lines and forms. She sometimes wore elaborate costumes and used multicolored lights, dazzling the Paris audiences who crowded into her shows. The color in this film was added by hand later.

Loie Fuller was a huge hit in Paris and the public idolized her. Below is an Art Nouveau lamp known as a "Loie Fuller lamp," one of the first designed for electric light bulbs. It shows her dancing something like The Serpentine. Bulbs were screwed into sockets hidden in the folds

Friday, September 10, 2010

Post Impressionism

Georges Seurat, Sunday Afternoon on the Island of La Grande Jatte

Paul Gauguin, Vision After the Sermon

Paul Gauguin, Fatata Te Miti (By The Sea)

Paul Gauguin, Manau Tupupau (The Spirit of the Dead Watches)

Paul Gauguin, What Are We? Where Do We Come From? Where Are We Going?

Henri Rousseau, The Dream

Vincent Van Gogh, The Potato Eaters

Vincent Van Gogh, The Sower

Vincent Van Gogh, The Night Cafe

Vincent Van Gogh, The Starry Night

Edvard Munch, Madonna

Edvard Munch, The Scream

Paul Cezanne, Still Life with Eggplants and Ginger Jar

Paul Cezanne, Landscape with Mont Saint Victoire

Paul Cezanne, Bathers

Auguste Rodin, Age of Bronze

Auguste Rodin, Gates of Hell

Auguste Rodin, Burghers of Calais


Georges Seurat
Paul Gauguin
The Nabis
The Symbolists
--JK Huysmans
--Stephane Mallarme
Henri Rousseau
Vincent Van Gogh
--Theo Van Gogh
Edvard Munch
Paul Cezanne
Auguste Rodin

Read Chapter 3 in the textbook (Edvard Munch is found in Chapter 4).

A Symbolist Ballet

Below is a recreation by Rudolph Nureyev of the original production of The Afternoon of a Faun that starred the great dancer and choreographer Vaslav Nijinsky. It was first performed on May 29, 1912. Nureyev reconstructed something like Nijinsky's original performance for the 1980 movie Nijinsky. This ballet shocked audiences in 1912 with its candid sexuality.
The ballet is based on a poem by the Symbolist poet Stephane Mallarme about awakening male sexuality described in terms of ancient myth.
The music is by Claude Debussy. Debussy uses masses of chords and rhythmic fragments to create an over all effect, a musical impression. He is sometimes described as a musical "Impressionist."

Vaslav Nijinsky in Afternoon of a Faun photographed in 1912


Camille Corot, Bridge at Narni, plein air sketch

Claude Monet, Boulevard des Capucines

Claude Monet, Gare Saint Lazare

Claude Monet, Haystacks

Claude Monet, Waterlillies,

Edgar Degas, Cotton Exchange, New Orleans

Edgar Degas, Dance Class

Edgar Degas, The Star

Mary Cassatt, The Bath

Pierre Renoir, Luncheon at the Boating Party

Camille Pissarro, Avenue de l'Opera in the Rain

Berthe Morisot, Hide and Seek


plein air painting
First Impressionist Exhibition 1874
Claude Monet
--Impressionist Brushstroke
--chromatic palette
--simultaneous contrast
Edgar Degas
Mary Cassatt
Pierre Renoir
Camille Pissarro
Berthe Morisot

Read Chapter 2 in the textbook

Musical Impressionism

Claude Debussy, "Reflections in Water" from Images

Like the Impressionist painters, Debussy was not interested in telling any kind of story in his music. Harmonies and rhythmic structures are sometimes sacrificed in the interest of creating an over all musical effect, rich in tonal color. He sometimes used dissonance and unusual scales in his work to achieve that effect.

Claude Monet, Waterlilies, detail